Increasing the rural poor’s access to markets for agricultural products is among the main priorities of the Mozambique government. The leading goal is to integrate smallholder agriculture and artisanal fisheries into the market economy and turn them into profitable economic activities. It is envisaged that this objective will be met by (1) focusing interventions on developing and marketing high-value cash crops and fish based on local comparative advantages and the growing scope of export-oriented production; (2) promoting public–private partnerships to tap growth opportunities and bring smallholders and artisanal fishers into the productive sector; and (3) developing linkages with private-sector operators for input supply and marketing, with specific reference to contract farming and outgrowing arrangements.
With a consistent emphasis on integrating smallholders into markets, Mozambique has developed a series of investments and interventions in the thematic areas of market linkages and value-chain development. For example, the IFAD-funded Agricultural Markets Support Programme (PAMA) was developed in support of the Government of Mozambique’s efforts in commercializing smallholder farming by fostering better access to markets in eight districts. Based on the positive outcomes of PAMA, the Rural Markets Promotion Programme (PROMER) was approved in September 2008 and implementation began in March 2009. The IFAD program aims to improve the livelihoods of smallholders in Northern Mozambique through pro-poor rural markets promotion. Central to achieving this goal is ensuring that smallholders can increase their agricultural income by marketing their surpluses more profitably. Thus the program will combine a horizontal “market linkages” approach that will build the capacity of market intermediaries (for example, traders, agri-dealers, and farmers’ organizations), with a “value chain” approach, which aims to increase opportunities for smallholders and agribusinesses to integrate vertically.
The IFAD-IFPRI partnership will pay particular attention to the four major ongoing IFAD programs currently being conducted, specifically the Rural Markets Promotion Programme (PROMER), the National Agriculture Support Programme (PRONEA), the Rural Finance Support Program, and the Sofala Bank Artisanal Fisheries Project. These programs may offer a natural starting point for initiating new market access, climate change, and program support activities under the IFAD-IFPRI partnership. For more information, read the IFAD-IFPRI Partnership Mozambique country brief.