Vietnam remains a country heavily grounded in agriculture. In 2010, approximately 63% of the working population was active in agriculture. By 2020, the share is expected to still be 59%. The rural areas also harbor the majority of Vietnam’s poor people. At the same time, Vietnam has enjoyed very rapid growth across all major sectors, with overall GDP growth of 6-8% over the last decade. As a result, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per capita have increased exponentially. While Vietnam is responsible for a very small share of global greenhouse gas emissions, the country accounts for a significant share of GHG mitigation potential through improved agricultural practices as well as improvements in other sectors. Emissions reductions in agriculture could be a source of millions of dollars a year of income for farmers in the country, which could be used by farmers to adapt to the adverse consequences of climate change.
Read the latest IFAD-IFPRI Partnership Program climate change mitigation project note, National-level Crop Mitigation Potential for key Food Crops in Vietnam, here.